Mike Benedum: A portrait in oil

placeholder spreadProfile of a wildcatter 
Pittsburgh and steel are virtually synonymous. Less well known is Pittsburgh’s rich heritage in the oil business. In 1854, inventor and businessman Samuel L. Kier built the nation’s first oil refinery as a crude, five-barrel still 100 feet from today’s U.S. Steel Building. more >

Henry Clay Frick: Blood Pact

placeholder spreadThe story of the toughest—and probably best—CEO Pittsburgh has ever seen
Among the great fortunes of Pittsburgh’s Golden Age (1870–1910), that of Henry Clay Frick stands third, bested only by Andrew Carnegie and the Mellons. But the extraordinary aspect of the Frick fortune was not its size. Carnegie, Heinz, Mellon and Westinghouse were all entrepreneurs who exercised ultimate control in their operations. more >

H.J. Heinz: Relish success

placeholder spreadThe fascinating life of a produce and marketing pioneer
In the second half of the 19th century, as Pittsburgh emerged as one of America’s great cities, it did so on the back of heavy industry; steel predominantly, but also glass, oil and all manner of heavy machinery. Indeed, four of the five men novelist Edith Wharton dubbed the “Lords of Pittsburgh” built their fortunes on heavy industry—Carnegie, Frick, Mellon and Westinghouse. more >

George C. Marshall: True soldier

placeholder spreadThe indispensable military man of the last century
On Sept. 1, 1939, as German troops thundered across the Polish border, Gen. George C. Marshall succeeded Malin Craig as the U.S. Army Chief of Staff. One week later, Marshall returned to his birthplace and childhood home in Uniontown, 46 miles southeast of Pittsburgh for a homecoming celebration. more >

Andrew Mellon: Son of a judge

placeholder spreadThe building of the Mellon empire

The year was 1866. With monotonous regularity, an older man and a little boy boarded the train in East Liberty for the short run downtown. The older man, attired in a long-tailed frock coat and a high-starched wing collar, spoke to the boy about matters of consequence; he spoke to him as an adult.

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Andrew Carnegie: Black, white

placeholder spreadHe took some and gave more
Andrew Carnegie was America's first great industrialist, the nation's quintessential philanthropist, and, closer to home, Pittsburgh's favorite son. He was also, however, a man of startling ethical and moral contrasts, and those paradoxes threaten his reputation. more >

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